Indian markets have shown a lot of volatility in recent times. The market rallied 15 percent (about 2,650 points) in 15 trading days between 28 August 2013 and 19 September 2013 on account of the fading threat of US military attack on Syria, steps announced by the new RBI chief Mr. Raghuram Rajan to address depreciation of the Rupee and liquidity constraints and also the dovish stance by Fed which postponed the anticipated QE taper and thus resulted in an increase in FII investment into Emerging Markets (EMs) like India. FIIs made Net Equity investments of Rs.11,138crs in September (till 19th September 2013) as compared to a net outflow of Rs. 6200crs in August 2013.
However, markets lost nearly 400 points on 20 September 2013 on Mr. Rajan’s decision to hike repo rates by 25bps and the blood-bath continues. So where exactly is the market headed and what are the factors to watch out for?
Well to address this let us rewind a bit and look at the concerns the markets were facing pre- the rally – CAD issues, depreciating rupee, economic slowdown, inflation worries, debt burden for corporates, policy paralysis and low visibility on core- policies owing to the looming elections. The Rupee regained some of its lost luster from the historic lows of 68.80 per dollar reached on 28 August 2013, benefiting from Mr. Rajan’s measures (including enhanced limits for exporters to re-book cancelled forward exchange contracts and a swap window to swap foreign currency deposits,etc) and renewed interest in EMs owing to Fed postponing the taper. However, India’s other macro-economic concerns remain, the impact of which will play out in the upcoming corporate results session which is expected to be disastrous.
In view of all these factors, I believe that while the Fed taper postponement might lend support to Indian markets as capital gets reallocated to EMs, markets are still likely to remain highly volatile in the next few months owing to risks related to the impending taper, weak fundamentals, impending elections and lack of visibility on implementation of pro-growth policies. Moreover, in addition to RBI policies, even Government support in the form of policy implementation will be a key factor for the up-turn of India’s economic and investment cycle.
I believe, the markets are likely to move in an uptrend post elections since the new government, whichever be it, will be under a lot of pressure to deliver. It is likely that we will see the resurgence of the new investment cycle once we start seeing policy implementations aimed at structural changes in the country. However, until all these macro-factors play out, the markets are more likely to be a Trader’s market rather than an Investor’s. Also, there is a high possibility of markets correcting further if the Fed tapering occurs before we see any structural changes in the Indian economic/policy scenario. Till either of these happen, the market may continue to be a ‘Defensives’ and ‘Export oriented’ market in the near term as has been the case during historically weak periods and periods of a stronger dollar respectively. Additionally, there might be some interest in stocks which are ‘Monsoon plays’ in the near term owing to a good monsoon session. However, I believe that the core India-centric ‘Cyclicals’ will start gaining traction only after visible improvements in the economic and policy space.
Source: Posted by Shazia Naik at http://multibaggerinvestments.blogspot.in/. Reproduced with Author permission. All copyright for the above post rests with the author.
Taking stand against a herd though often threatening for the short term, could be highly rewarding over the long run, for those who survive the initial onslaught. The correlation becomes stronger when one is faced against a thundering herd on the stock market.
Research desk at Anavaran dared to be ‘cautiously greedy’ when fear was in high demand on the Dalal Street. In December 2011, market were at sweet spot offering high upside potential with limited risk of downside. However, nearly 20% rise in benchmark indices and more than 50% surge in some of the fallen heroes of yesteryears have bridged the price-value mismatch prompting a change in our outlook to ‘prudently neutral’as we saw an end to Great Indian Share Sale.
As stated in our last article we still see money making opportunities in the stock market and would not like to be branded a bear, at least not as of now. Since then, Sensex have risen over 8% to cross our base case target of 18,000. Sensex is now inching towards the top end of our forecasted range of 12000-20000 for 2012. However, it would be prudent to reiterate that there are lesser profitable investment avenues than those available at end of 2011 and even these require longer investment horizon of at least 18 months to materialize.
Games that Mr. Market Plays
To get a feel on the market, let us have a look at the investment strategies employed in the share market. In our opinion, at any given time, there are three games being played in the share market; that of investment, speculation and gambling. In investment, gains come from increase in size of cake, while in speculation and gambling usually one persons gain comes from other persons loss.
Value style of investment, a philosophy that we @ Anavaran adhere to, seeks to find disparity in underlying value of a company and price of the stock. The time horizon is the same time horizon it takes to work out the company’s strategic plan and business cycle to complete, usually 2-3 years.
From Diwali to Christmas of 2011, share markets were ideal for value style of investments. A value investor could find oceans of price value disparity during this period. Some of these stocks that we rated a BUY during this period include Sintex, JSW Steel, Onmobile, Nocil, Punjan & Sind Bank etc.These ocean of disparities narrowed down to rivers in Jan 2012, (BUY-Allahabad Bank) and such disparities are not more than rivulet streams currently. While we like companies such as Atul Ltd, Aditya Birla, Tata Chemicals, Sandesh we think price is not correct to enter these stocks.
The speculators, who mostly rely on technical analysis and charts, don’t care a lot about the underlying value of the company. They are largely concerned with the underlying demands of buyers and sellers in the stock. They are looking at the beauty contest aspect of the stock market -wiil people the stock and bid it up or not. It’s judging human nature. There playing field spans from fundamentally strong companies to those which are mostly dubious in nature. PSB which was more of a value play in late 2011, has turned out to be speculators favorite since news of LIC buying 5% stake in the company hit the markets.
Last and also the least are great gamblers of the share market who are just speculating on the speculator, making a wager because they feel they have got a instinct that knows what’s going on in the market. The stigma of converting the share bazaar to satta bazaar lies on them. With their perpetual search for GREATER FOOL, Evergreen SELL stocks like Avon Corp, Pipavav, Jupiter Biosciences, Karuturi Global, KS Oil and hordes of other empty promises are gambler’s favorite bet in share market.
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The leap year brought the much needed upward leap to share markets. In our New Year Investment note, when Sensex was hovering around 15500, we had highlighted change in our outlook from neutral to ‘cautiously bullish’. Fall in price as well as appearance of green shoots at inflationary and currency fronts were the key reason for the positive stance.
While the economic front hasn’t changed a lot since the turn of the year, with nearly 15% jump in benchmark indices share market has largely bridged the price-value mismatch gap. Stock prices of some of the companies we liked have risen over 50% from their recent and most of them have breached our bear case target price. The surge has proven to be a double edged sword. While the surge in share prices has surely improved the aggregate return of our recommendations, it has raised the necessity of treading with increased caution henceforth. With the end of Great Indian Share Sale, making money would be much more difficult, though not impossible from hereon.
With bear case target of Sensex, 16500 breached we believe factors like euphoria on budget, tax savings driven investments, easing of inflation and currency rates (purely due to higher base effect) will provide a fillip to benchmark indicies over the coming months. Despite, high probabilities of Sensex attaining our base case target of 18000 by end of this fiscal year we believe it is wise for retail investors with short term horizon to stay away from the markets.
Glimpses of our stock ratings
One of the peculiar features in making investments has been a passion to BUY at high prices and SELL at low. When market was trading around 15500 financial media buzzed with doomsayers and now the same financial community is screaming a BUY at nearly 20% higher prices. Same people who flock at Season sale at malls and bazaars get repelled by low prices in investment arena.
Going by our 2012 investment strategy of “Aiming for 20 thousand for Sensex, but prepared to face 12 thousand. 20-12” We foresee upside from current levels looks limited to 20,000 for Sensex. On the downslide, Sensex could slide to 12000 levels in the worst case scenario and there is string of events in the making which could make this doomsday like scenario come true. Being prudently neutral at the moment we take learning from John Templeton’s following quote:
“Bull markets are born on pessimism, grow on skepticism, mature on optimism, and die on euphoria”
For investment opportunities, Small is beautiful still looks good, especially for mid-sized public sector banks. With most of the trading at price-to-book value of and P/E of 0.5x and 5x, their stock prices are poised to double within 2-3 years. Research desk @ Anavaran has been bullish on these banks since October 2011 and has BUY rating on many of these, of which Allahabad Bank and Punjab & Sind Bank are in public domain.
Many of mid-cap IT companies, which formed part of our Small is Beautiful investment theme, have seen sharp rise in share prices prompting us to moderate our positive outlook. Of our BUY calls in IT space, Patni Computers has risen nearly 80% since our BUY rating in August 2011 to attain our target price of Rs475 in Jan 2011.
Onmobile Global, which formed part of our Diwali picks has increased 30% since our BUY call and still offers 20% upside from current levels. Similarly, Nocil’s stock price has risen over 20% and has potential to further rise 30% and more over the coming year.
Outlook on FMCG, a sector we liked for most of 2011, underwent change from positive to neutral largely due to growth in share price. We reversed our rating on HUL from BUY to SELL on 08 Jan 2012.
We have been having a relook at our past ratings like S Kumar, IFB etc of 2009-2010 era who have fallen more than 50% from our previous target price and look good at current level. Hoping to rediscover some cats with nine lives over there.
Right Company, wrong price: Atul Limited, Aditya Birla Chemicals